Muslim View On End of Time Prophecies, Apocalypse & Eschatology


End of Time Prophecies, Apocalypse & Eschatology

In this section of our site, we discuss the End of Time (End Times or End of Days) , leading to End of the World (Doomsday, Last Day), followed by the Day of Resurrection (Day of Judgement). The End of Time is presented primarily from an Islamic perspective, but we also present some of the beliefs and Biblical prophecies of the Jews and the Christians regarding the End of Time, for the sake of comparison and to broaden the horizons of Muslims and our readers in general.

1. When will the End of Time start ?

Based on our numerical analysis of the Quran and Hadith, the official beginning of the End of Time and the coming of the Imam Mahdi will most likely be in 2015 (or 2016) and Jesus Christ (p) will come down from Heaven to Earth in 2022, in-sha Allah (if Allah is willing).

All events we may witness before the official beginning of the End of Time are NOT part of the official End Times events.

2. Three Important Individuals

In Islam, Muslims expect at least 3 important individuals to appear, before the Day of Judgment, in following order: (a) Al-Mahdi, (b) The Dajjal (Anti-Christ), (c) Jesus Christ (p).

Two of them are good men: (a) Sunni Muslims' Mahdi (b) Jesus Christ (p) (the Messiah).

The third man is the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) will certainly be an evil man. The Dajjal means the Deceiver. There might be two evil persons appearing in the End Times, one in 2015 (or 2016) and one in 2022.

It is worth noting that the Shia are expecting Imam Mahdi who, as portrayed in Shia's books, seems to be an evil man whom the Shia expect will persecute Sunni Muslims, resurrect and crucify Prophet Mohammad's صلى الله عليه وسلم Companions, Abu Bakr and Omar as well as Aisha (Prophet Mohammad's صلى الله عليه وسلم wife).

Shia's Imam Mahdi is not likely to appear, but rather the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) may claim to be Shia's Imam Mahdi. However, we may witness the rise of one or more evil Shia leaders who may claim to be paving the way for Shia's Mahdi.

Click here to read various topics about the End of Time, from Islamic (Muslim) perspective, as well as from Christian and Jewish perspective.

3. What is the sequence of events?

The following Hadiths present the sequence of events:

حدثنا عباس العنبري حدثنا هاشم بن القاسم حدثنا عبد الرحمن بن ثابت بن ثوبان عن أبيه عن مكحول عن جبير بن نفير عن مالك بن يخامر عن معاذ بن جبل قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عمران بيت المقدس خراب يثرب وخراب يثرب خروج الملحمة وخروج الملحمة فتح قسطنطينية وفتح القسطنطينية خروج الدجال ثم ضرب بيده على فخذ الذي حدثه أو منكبه ثم قال إن هذا لحق كما أنك هاهنا أو كما أنك قاعد يعني معاذ بن جبل.

Mu'az ibn Jabal narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: "Omran (Re-building) of Jerusalem will be (lead to) Kharab (the pillaging and devastation) of Yathrib (Madina in Saudi Arabia). The pillaging of Yathrib will be (lead to) the outbreak of the Big Battle (with the Romans). The outbreak of the Big Battle will be (lead to) the conquest of Constantinople (Istanbul, New York, or European city). The conquest of Constantinople will be (lead to) the coming of Dajjal (Anti-Christ). Then, ... said: This is as real as you (Mu'az ibn Jabal) are here or you are sitting." (Abu Dawud)

Please note that the word "Omran" has the same numerical value as Banu Israel (Children of Israel). So, "Omran of Jerusalem" means "When the Children of Israel capture Jerusalem".

Jaber bin Samra based on Nafi bin Otba reports that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: " ...You will march against (or attack) the Arabian Peninsula and Allah will open (conquer) it, then Persia and Allah will open (conquer) it. Then, you will march against (attack) the Romans' land and Allah will open (or conquer) it. Then, you will march against (attack) the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) (or Dajjal's land), and Allah will open (conquer) it." Then, Nafi said (to Jaber): "O' Jaber, we will not see the Dajjal emerge until the Romans' land has been conquered (by Allah for the Muslims)." (Sahih Muslim and Ibn Majah)

4. Signs of the Day of Resurrection based on Sunni Sources

Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim list the following important Hadith about the Hour:

عن عمر رضي الله عنه أيضاً قال : بينما نحن جلوس عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات يوم إذ طلع علينا رجل شديد بياض الثياب شديد سواد الشعر، لا يُرى عليه أثر السفر، ولا يعرفه منا أحد ، حتى جلس إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأسند ركبتيه إلى ركبتيه ، ووضع كفيه على فخذيه وقال : يا محمد أخبرني عن الإسلام؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : (الإسلام أن تشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمداً رسول الله ، وتقيم الصلاة ، وتؤتي الزكاة ، وتصوم رمضان ، وتحج البيت إن استطعت إليه سبيل) . قال: صدقت . فعجبنا له يسأله ويصدقه . قال : فأخبرني عن الإيمان؟ قال : ( أن تؤمن بالله وملائكته ، وكتبه ، ورسله ، واليوم الآخر وتؤمن بالقدر خيره وشره ) . قال : صدقت . قال : فأخبرني عن الإحسان؟ قال : ( أن تعبد الله كأنك تراه ، فإن لم تكن تراه فإنه يراك ) . قال : فأخبرني عن الساعة؟ قال : ( ما المسؤول عنها بأعلم من السائل ) . قال : فأخبرني عن أماراتها؟ قال : ( أن تلد الأمة ربتها ، وأن ترى الحفاة العراة العَالَةَ رعَاءَ الشَّاءِ يتطاولون في البنيان ) . ثم انطلق فلبثتُ ملياً ثم قال : ( يا عمر أتدري من السائل؟ ) قلت : الله ورسوله أعلم . قال : ( فإنهذا جبريل أتاكم يعلمكم دينكم ) .

A variation of this Hadith appears in Sahih Muslim listed the Hadith as follows:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْما بَارِزا لِلنّاسِ. فَأَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ. فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ مَا الإِيمَانُ؟ قَالَ: "أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِالله وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكِتَابِهِ وَلِقَائِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْبَعْثِ الاَخِرِ" قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ! مَا الإِسْلاَمُ؟ قَالَ: "الإِسْلاَمُ أَنْ تَعْبُدَ الله لاَ تُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئا، وَتُقِيمَ الصّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ، وَتُؤَدّيَ الزّكَاةَ الْمَفْرُوضَةَ، وَتَصُومَ رَمَضَانَ". قَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ! مَا الإِحْسَانُ؟ قَالَ: "أَنْ تَعْبُدَ الله كَأَنّكَ تَرَاهُ. فَإِنّكَ إِنْ لاَ تَرَاهُ فَإِنّهُ يَرَاكَ". قَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ! مَتَى السّاعَةُ؟ قَالَ: "مَا الْمَسْؤُولُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السّائِلِ. وَلَكِنْ سَأُحَدّثُكَ عَنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا: إِذَا وَلَدَتِ الأَمَةُ رَبّهَا فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا. وَإِذَا كَانَتِ الْعُرَاةُ الْحُفَاةُ رُؤسَ النّاسِ فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا. وَإِذَا تَطَاوَلَ رِعَاءُ الْبَهْمِ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا، فِي خَمْسٍ لاَ يَعْلَمُهُنّ إِلاّ الله" ثُمّ تَلاَ صلى الله عليه وسلم: {إِنّ الله عِنْدَهُ عِلْمُ السّاعَةِ وَيُنَزّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الأَرْحَامِ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدا وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ. إِنّ الله عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ} (لقمان آية: 34). قَالَ ثُمّ أَدْبَرَ الرّجُلُ. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: "رُدّوا عَلَيّ الرّجُلَ" فَأَخَذُوا لِيَرُدّوهُ فَلَمْ يَرَوْا شَيْئا. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: "هَذَا جِبْرِيلُ. جَاءَ لِيُعَلّمَ النّاسَ دِينَهُمْ".

وأشار إليه الترمذي في باب حديث ابن عمر عن عمر . ورواه ابن ماجه بإسناد مسلم ولفظه إلى آخر الآية . ورواه الإمام أحمد عن إسماعيل حدثنا أبو حيان عن أبي زرعة بن عمر بن جرير عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه . . . . إلخ . وفيه : " وإذا كانت العراة الحفاة الجفاة " .

وقال حدثنا محمد بن عبد الله بن نمير حدثنا محمد بن بشر حدثنا أبو حيان التيمي بهذا الإسناد مثله ، غير أن في روايته : " إذا ولدت الأمة بعلها " يعني السراري

There are Minor & Major Signs that indicate Day of Resurrection (Day of Judgement or Doomsday) is approaching:

A. Minor Signs

The minor signs generally speaking are expected to occur before the Major signs start. However, it is possible to classify as minor signs, those signs which are either not too significant or not classified as Major Signs.

No single Hadith lists all the minor signs, but there are hundreds of minor signs mentioned in hundreds of Hadiths. These Hadiths do not usually mention that they are Minor Signs. On the other hand, there are Hadiths that list all of the Major Signs. So, we can classify as Minor Signs, those signs not listed among the Major signs.

Most of the Minor Signs have been fulfilled. The remaining few Minor Signs which have not been fulfilled yet include:

(1) Major Earthquakes, Famines, Asteroids, and Epidemic diseases. Some of these Epidemic diseases could be intentionally produced and spread by evil powers, as a form of biological weapons.

(2) Euphrates River (which passes through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq) will uncover a mountain of gold (meaning something very valuable). This is in the process of being fulfilled, click here for details.

(3) The return of the land of Arabs (Arabian Peninsula) to being green pastures and rivers, instead of its current condition as a desert. Based on Abu Huraira, Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said: " The Hour (of Resurrection) will not come..... until the land of the Arabs (Arabian Peninsula) returns to being pastures ("paradises" according to Musnad Ahmad) and rivers." (Sahih Muslim, Musnad Ahmad). Saudi Arabia has already started to become green. Click here for more information this amazing development !

(4) Lake of Tiberias in Palestine (also known as Sea of Galilee) will dry up. This prophecy and sign is in the process of being fulfilled. The water in the Sea of Galilee is drying up.

Watch this video that shows Sea of Galilee is drying up:



The Shia's Books mention an additional sign:

The Construction of Two Bridges: The Shia believe the first bridge could be the bridge that connects Saudi Arabia to Bahrain which was completed in 1986. The second bridge they expect it to be the proposed bridge that will connect Saudi Arabia to Egypt. So far, Egypt has rejected the construction of such a bridge under pressure from Israel and the U.S. On the other hand, construction of a bridge connecting Qatar to Bahrain is expected to start this year, in 2010 and to be completed within 4-5 years.

For details regarding the Minor Signs, click here

B. Major Signs

In Islam, the major signs of the Day of Resurrection are mentioned in several Hadiths. The following Hadith is one of them (the signs in this Hadith do not necessarily have to occur in the same order mentioned in this Hadith):

وفي صحيح مسلم : حدثنا أبو خيثمة، زهير بن حرب وإسحاق بن إبراهيم وابن أبي عمر المكي - واللفظ لزهير - (قال إسحاق: أخبرنا. وقال الآخران: حدثنا) سفيان بن عيينة عن فرات القزاز، عن أبي الطفيل، عن حذيفة بن أسيد الغفاري قال: اطلع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم علينا ونحن نتذاكر. فقال "ما تذاكرون؟" قالوا: نذكر الساعة. قال "إنها لن تقوم حتى ترون قبلها عشر آيات". فذكر الدخان،والدجال، والدابة، وطلوع الشمس من مغربها، ونزول عيسى ابن مريم صلى الله عليه وسلم، ويأجوج ومأجوج. وثلاثة خسوف: خسف بالمشرق، وخسف بالمغرب، وخسف بجزيرة العرب. وآخر ذلك نار تخرج من اليمن، تطرد الناس إلى محشرهم ".

Huzaifa bin Usaid Al-Ghifari reported: Allah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم came to us all of a sudden as we were talking. He said: "What are you discussing?" We said: "We are talking about the Last Hour." Thereupon, he صلى الله عليه وسلم said: "It will not come until you see ten signs before it, he made a mention of: the Smoke, the Dajjal (Anti-Christ), the Daabba, the Rising of the Sun from the West, the Descent of Jesus Son of Mary عليه السلام (from Heaven), the emergence of Ya'juj and Ma'juj (Gog & MaGog), and Khusuf (Land Collapse) will occur in three places: one in the East, one in the West and one in Arabian Peninsula. At the end, a Fire would burn forth from Yemen (or from Aden according to Ahmad), which would drive people to the place of their final assembly (before they get resurrected by God)." (Sahih Muslim, Musnad Ahmad)

For details regarding the Major Signs, click here

5. Videos of Lectures about the End of Time

To view these videos, click here

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